The 13 Obligations
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The Basel Declaration (2010) is a formal statement of obligations and responsibilities for members of the academic research community, first publicly presented at the 2010 European Conference for Academic Disciplines in Gottenheim, Germany.  It was written by Theodore John Swystun, an American social scientist, then on sabbatical at the Centre for Advanced Studies of the University of Basel, Switzerland, and so-named in commemoration of the 550th anniversary of the founding of the University.  The Declaration incorporates a number of widely-accepted and long-standing principles of research practice, but extends the obligations of researchers in several important regards to address emergent issues in the 21st century research environment. 

Unlike national, professional, or university-specific Codes of Research Conduct, which stipulate specific actions that must be taken in conformance to legislative and regulatory mandates, the Declaration is focused on the broader obligations of the researcher needed to maintain the integrity of the research process, not simply its compliance with specific local rules and regulations.  Although not written specifically in response to a number of ethical lapses and high profile failures in research practices that have surfaced in recent years, it does address many of the underlying issues brought to light by these incidents.

The Declaration is not exclusive to a discipline or mode of research and is intended as both an ethical canon for established researchers and a statement of principles for the training of new researchers.  The Declaration was always envisioned to be a living document and it is fully expected that it will evolve over time in response to the emerging ethical challenges presented by expanding capabilities and advancing technology.